Instructional Strategies

  • Ask the student to explain (orally or in writing) his/her thinking and mathematical steps when problem-solving.
  • Provide real-life context or examples to problems or ask students to brainstorm real-life applications for a math concept.
  • Explicitly teach students problem-solving students and lead discussions as to why strategies were selected and the degree to which they were successful.
  • Use schema-based instruction to teach the underlying structure of problems.


  • Provide the student with examples.

Additional Resources

Focus Area/Sample SMART Goal/Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan:

Focus Area

Sample SMART Goal

Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan


Student will select the needed information in a word problem to solve the problem from 67% accuracy to 85% accuracy as measured by problem sets by February 2020. 

Teach the student the underlying structure of problems by using schema-based instruction (join, separate, compare, part/part/whole).

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