Oral Language

Instructional Strategies

  • Teach the student the story grammar marker to structure oral story telling.
  • Teach the student the “rules” for social interaction, such as turn-taking, question/answer, repair strategies, and politeness.
  • Teach the student non-verbal behaviors that serve as communication.
  • Give students opportunities to act out communication scenarios.
  • Determine the types of “spoken texts” that the student needs support in, then teach strategies specific to those types.
  • Purposefully plan for opportunities to use different “spoken texts” in class.
  • After a special activity (field trip, assembly), have the student retell the activities of the event.
  • Explicitly label objects/actions throughout the day/activities.
  • Present new vocabulary in simple sentences


  • Allow the student to speak without being hurried/interrupted.
  • Explicitly plan for multiple and varied opportunities to authentically use language across the school day.

Additional Resources

Focus Area/Sample SMART Goal/Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan

Focus Area

Sample SMART Goal

Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan

Oral Language

Student will improve his conversational turn-taking from 0 connected exchanges to 4 connected exchanges as measured by observation by December 2019.

Model conversational turn-taking. Provide the student with a “script” of possible questions to ask a peer. Write a social story with the student that shows the student engaging in conversation with a peer.

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