Phonemic Awareness

Instructional Strategies

  • Ensure the student has sound-symbol correspondence.
  • Play BINGO with: letter-sound correspondence, syllables, etc.
  • Read books or poems that use rhymes extensively.
  • Create word family charts with students.
  • Play “Odd Word Out”: present 4 words to students, 3 of which rhyme. Students determine which word doesn’t rhyme.
  • Play the game “Memory” in which students match words that rhyme.
  • Teach students to associate isolated sounds with a familiar object, animal, action, etc.
  • Teach sound synthesis: blend an initial sound onto the remainder of the word, blend the syllables of a word together, blend isolated phonemes into a word.
  • Play guessing games with words broken into syllables or isolated phonemes.
  • Play “What’s in the Bag?”: students guess the object by providing them with a syllable or sound at a time until they guess correctly.
  • Use manipulatives or Elkonin boxes to teach students to segment words into individual sounds.


  • Provide the student with a desktop chart of sounds.

Additional Resources

Focus Area/Sample SMART Goal/Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan:

Focus Area

Sample SMART Goal

Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan

Phonemic Awareness

Student will improve his ability to segment sounds of words with 3 sounds from 1/10 to 9/10 as measured by a word list by December 2019.

Provide small group support 4x/week for 20 minutes during which the student and teacher use the following activities: Elkonin boxes, guessing games, What’s in the Bag, etc.

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