Instructional Strategies

  • Teach the student organization of sentences, then paragraphs, then across multiple paragraphs.
  • Give the student a topic sentence and associated details and have him/her arrange them into an organized paragraph.
  • Complete graphic organizers matched to the pattern of information: descriptive, time-sequence, process/cause-effect, episode, generalization/principle, concept. Teach students to understand the connection between graphic organizers and the type of information. Teach students to be metacognitive about their selections.
  • Compare/contrast pieces of evidence.
  • Model the use of different organizational structures.
  • Cut apart an unfamiliar essay into separate paragraphs and have the student arrange them into an organized essay.


  • Provide sentences starters or frames for the topic sentence.
  • Provide paragraph frames.

Additional Resources

Focus Area/Sample SMART Goal/Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan:

Focus Area

Sample SMART Goal

Sample Tier 2 Intervention Plan


Student will improve his ability to make a simple outline for a selected topic from 0/5 times to ⅘ times as measured by permanent products by February 2020.

One structure at a time, teach the student the components of an organizer and the relationship to the content of that structure. Fade the instructional support needed to complete the organizer.

Return to Writing